The different landscapes that can be found in Peru include the vast majority of territories and types of climates. In Peru it is possible to be on the beach and in a few hours arrive in the jungle. The roads and ways to get there vary considerably, but for the most part the services to carry out these trips do meet expectations. The relief of Peru is very rugged due to the presence of the Andes Mountains, as we will see later. It is that this chain of mountains determines the geography and climates that each ecoregion has. The variation of climates brings a variety of flora and fauna. In this sense, it is also necessary to emphasize that Peru is home to a large proportion of the planet’s biodiversity. Here you will find the most important information to facilitate your trips and we will answer any questions you may have. Join us!
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The importance of the Andes Mountains
The Andes Mountains are of crucial importance for the entire planet. This chain of mountains stretches from Chile to Venezuela. In the case of Peru, it crosses the entire central part forming what is called the Sierra or the Andes of Peru. The high altitude of these mountains causes the climate to vary on both sides. We are talking about the Coast and the Jungle.
If we talk about global warming, although this may seem implausible, it is capable of regulating the climate. The humidity and cold that occur in the highest ecosystems of Peru, create peat bogs, they are wetlands that have organic soil that accumulates over thousands of years and decomposes slowly. These wetlands are able to capture harmful carbon emissions.
It is also capable of retaining water, especially in areas such as the puna and the moors. In these places the water is maintained naturally and artificially, this water is regulated and descends through the rivers to the valleys and places with lower altitudes. Finally, it can be mentioned that it is the ideal land for special crops such as potatoes, quinoa, beans and corn. In all the Andes crops grow naturally and artificially, it is also home to a large amount of flora and fauna.
In Peru, the Andes Mountains affect each political region differently. This is important in case you want to travel to Peru, the climate is very varied and can cause some problems or unforeseen events. Here you will find the necessary information so that you can better plan your trips and also find out some details or details that will be important for any nature lover.
The highest mountain in Peru is the Nevado del Huascarán. It has an altitude of 6757 meters above sea level. It is located in the Huaraz region and is one of the most beautiful in all of Peru. It is ideal to visit it following hiking trails.
The 3 ecoregions of Peru
In Peru, the landscapes can be divided into 3 variants that include the regions of the coast, the jungle and the mountains. It is important to mention that these three variants are not entirely clear, but they help to explain the geographical variety of Peru. For example, in the case of the coast, the climatic conditions and the same temperature of the water vary, being warmer in the north. For obvious reasons, this will also change the landscape. On the Peruvian coast you can see activities such as artisanal and industrial fishing, salt extraction, bottling, sugar and rice cultivation.
In the case of the sierra, the situation is similar. The higher the altitude, the landscapes vary more and the snow-capped mountains can be appreciated in a better way. In Peru you can find peaks or snow-capped peaks of more than 6,000 meters above sea level. Which makes an exquisite adventure possible for lovers of hiking trails. Other landscapes that can be seen in the mountains are the valleys, the plateaus and a large number of rivers and lagoons. Activities such as agriculture, livestock and mining are carried out in this territory.
In the jungle, a similar phenomenon occurs in the mountains, but on a smaller scale. In this region you can find only 2 varieties: high jungle and low jungle. The variation depends on its altitude, however, in both cases it has a large amount of rain and humidity, which favors abundant vegetation and a great diversity of flora and fauna. Mobility in these places is done by river boats such as canoes, rafts and small boats. It is normal to find mighty and large rivers, humid forests and the presence of many birds. In the jungle activities such as the agriculture of some fruits, the extraction of wood, hunting, fishing, mining and extraction of natural gas are carried out.
What are the most beautiful landscapes in Peru?
As we mentioned, in Peru you can find different types of landscapes. These landscapes are mostly considered as Nature Reserves or National Sanctuaries due to the importance of their preservation. It is vital to maintain the care of these places because most of them are ideal for maintaining the climate and ecology of the entire country, even the entire world.
The panoramic views of these extensive places are just the beginning of all the magic they hide. We will find particular destinations in the jungle, in the Andes and on the Peruvian coast. If you want more information, do not hesitate to access our blogs or write to us directly at email@example.com. Next, we leave you a small list of the most beautiful landscapes in Peru.
The most beautiful landscapes of Peru
|The Mangroves of Tumbes
|In the north of Peru it is possible to find this beautiful mangrove forest. These forests apart from leaving incredible landscapes,
they also play a fundamental role for the population of Tumbes.
|Paracas National Reserve
|Located on the coasts of the Peruvian sea, it is possible to find a great variety of marine and terrestrial fauna, also visit sites
archaeological sites and navigate the sea. It is a paradise, ideal for panoramic photographs.
|It is located north of the city of Cusco. It has crystal clear and turquoise waters. You can see an excellent
landscape due to the presence of the snowy Salkantay, one of the highest in Cusco.
|It is an important lake and considered one of the deepest in the world. It is located in the Puno region and houses a large
amount of marine fauna. You can also visit islands that allow you to see unforgettable sunsets.
|Nor Yauyos Cochas
|You can see a canyon formed by mountains that manage to meander the course of the water that descends from a waterfall. It’s a show
only one in the world. The entire area is home to a large number of animals and distinctive flora of Peru.
|It is located in the Cusco region. The way to get there always includes a hiking route, for this reason it is possible to see all the
circuit of mountains that seem to touch the sky.
|Manu National Park
|Located in the Madre de Dios and Cusco region. You will find unique settings surrounded by gigantic trees and extensive rivers. Surround yourself with
exotic flora and fauna.